Dislocations in quasicrystals and their interaction with cluster-like obstacles

A dislocation moving through a quasicrystal leaves in its wake a fault denoted a phason wall. For a two-dimensional model quasicrystal the disregistry energy of this phason wall is studied to determine possible Burgers vectors of the quasicrystalline structure. Unlike periodic crystals, the disregistry energy is an average quantity with large fluctuations on the atomic scale. Therefore the dislocation core structure and mobility cannot be linked to this quantity, e.g. by a Peierls-Nabarro model. Atomistic simulations show that dislocation motion is controlled by local obstacles inherent to the atomic structure of the quasicrystal.